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AERODYNAMICS

Mass is conserved

A V = (mass flow) = constant Continuity Equation

2 3 1

Incompressible Flow

< 0.3 M (100 m/s) <

Compressible Flow

1 1 =2 2

1 1 1=2 2 2

F=

F = p dy dz - (p + dp) dy dz = dy dz (p - p - dp) = dy dz (-(dp/dx) dx) = dx * dy dz (-dp/dx)

m= v = dx dy dz

a = dV / dt = dV/dx dx / dt = dV/dx V

dx * dy dz (-dp/dx) = dx dy dz dV/dx V (-dp/dx) = dV/dx V dp = - V dV Euler's Equation

dp + V dV = 0 Integrating along an airfoil:


2 1

2 1

= 0

constant => Incompressible !!

2 1 + 2 +

2 2 1 2 =0 2 2

2 2 2 2 = 2 + 2 2
Bernoulli's Equation
(only for incompressible flows)