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y

.


.

.


.











.
.


:
).(Takeoff
).(Cruise


.
).(Landing

|


) (
.









.

) (
.


y
y
y
y
y
y


y
y
y
y
y
y



y ) (

0<M<0.3

y ) (

0.3<M<0.7

0 7<M<1 3
0.7<M<1.3

1.3<M<5

M>5






) :((opencircuit



y

.
.


) :((closecircuit
y

.
.


y:
y
y
.









y:







y

.










y
.
y .

y
y
y
y
y
y
y


.

.
..

:

Test section

y ) (0
.

. .

First Diffuser

y) (1 .
.







. .




y


.

.
y
.
.

Corner & Guide vanes


y) (2 ) (corner .
36
360
.
((Guide

) vanes .
.

90

y
y


90

Fan



y ) (3
) (4 .
y ) (4 .
.
y .

.


Straingthener vanes

y
::

y


y
y

Second diffuser

y) (5



.

.
.
3/5


Corner & Guide vanes

y) (6 ) (corner
180 .





SettlingChamber


y ) (7
.





.
y
.
.

y
.

y
.
.





Nozzle
y ) (8 .
.

.
.

y .
y .
y .


..
y

.






y
y U








.



y
y
.
y
.

y : .

Ps .
y Static
St ti pressure is
i identical
id ti l to
t pressure andd can be
b identified
id tifi d for
f

every point in a fluid flow field


q=1/2 V2 .
q




:q
y
y : .

P P
0

0 .5

= V

A1
A2

7/31 .

P = gh

V2
A1
=
V1 A2

P
1
A2 2
) ) ( (1 -
2
A1

= V2

y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y

Plint TE44/c
45/7
45/7
1/2
7/31
45
11
15


TE81






.


.
PITCHING .
) 0 360( .



) A(after ) f(forward ) D(drag
.
:







lift=A+F
Drag=D
) Pitchingmoment=0.127*(FN

:

y
y :
y :pitching

:
y 32

0 100
0 50

.
2.5
0 2 5

SmokeTunnel,Wakeaftertheairfoil

Oil fil
Oilfilm
flowovertheuppersurfaceofadamaged
airfoil

Flow over a cylinder


Flowoveracylinder
Aluminumpowderinwater

Flowoverasphere
g
f
magnetismfield

Laminarboundary
layerprofile
electric current
electriccurrent
causesbubbles
movinginwater

Global separation on a flat plate


Globalseparationonaflatplate
airbubblesinwater

Flow over cylinder


Flowovercylinder
visualizationbyairbubblesinwater

Re=2000

Re=10000

Flow over a slender body


Flowoveraslenderbody
smokeinjectedfromthebody

Delta wing
Deltawing
smokeinjection

Slightly supersonic shock waves are


Slightlysupersonicshockwavesare
madevisiblebyschilirian camera
M=1.015

Shock waves over a missile


Shockwavesoveramissile
M=1.1

Flowoverasphere
m=1.5