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Monotony, Fatigue &

Stress
Monotony
 Sometimes it is also called boredom
 It indicates psychologically
undesirable effect of repetitive work
found in the factories and offices of
industrial and business organizations
of today
 It adversely affects the morale,
motivation and productivity of the
employees.
 It is subjective in nature
 It is related to personality factor
 Effects of monotony/boredom
 How to overcome monotony-
use of psychological tests,
introducing change in the job,
making jobs meaningful,
recreational activities, reducing
interruptions in job/work
Fatigue

 temporary loss of strength and


energy resulting from hard
physical or mental work
 It is often the result of boredom
resulting from overexposure to
something
Stress
 a state of mental or emotional strain
or suspense
 stress is a condition or feeling
experienced when a person
perceives that “demands exceed the
personal and social resources the
individual is able to mobilize.”
 In short, it's what we feel when we
think we've lost control of events.
 stress is not necessarily
something bad – it all depends
on how you take it. The stress of
exhilarating, creative successful
work is beneficial, while that of
failure, humiliation or infection is
detrimental
Causative Factors
 Excessively high workloads, with
unrealistic deadlines making people feel
rushed, under pressure and overwhelmed.
 Insufficient workloads, making people
feel that their skills are being underused.
 A lack of control over work activities.
 A lack of interpersonal support or poor
working relationships leading to a sense of
isolation.
 People being asked to do a job for which
they have insufficient experience or
training.
 Difficulty settling into a new promotion,
both in terms of meeting the new role's
requirements and adapting to possible
changes in relationships with colleagues.
 Bullying or harassment.
 A blame culture within your business
where people are afraid to get things wrong
or to admit to making mistakes.
 Weak or ineffective management which
leaves employees feeling they don't have a
sense of direction, or over-management,
which can leave employees feeling
undervalued and affect their self-esteem.
 Multiple reporting lines for
employees, with each manager
asking for their work to be prioritised.
 Failure to keep employees informed
about significant changes to the
business, causing them uncertainty
about their future.
 A poor physical working
environment, eg excessive heat,
cold or noise, inadequate lighting,
uncomfortable seating,
malfunctioning equipment, etc.
 Personal or Family Problems
 Technology
 High Demand for Performance
 Job Insecurity
Impact
 Loss of mental concentration
 Anxiety
 Stress
 Absenteeism
 Depression
 Extreme anger and frustration
 Family conflict
 Physical illnesses such as heart
disease, migraine, headaches,
stomach problems, and back
problems
 The most common effects associated with fatigue
are:
 Desire to sleep;
 Lack of concentration;
 Impaired recollection of timing and events;
 Irritability;
 Poor judgment;
 Reduced capacity for communicating with others;
 Reduced hand-eye coordination;
 Reduced visual perception;
 Reduced vigilance;
 Reduced capacity to judge risk; and
 Slower reaction times.