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Aerodynamics

Linear Motion (Moving Air )

Fundamentals of Physics

Basic Quantities

Space - Length

Time

Matter - Mass

Charge - Electro-magnetic

Derived Quantities
Combinations of Basics Length Time

Velocity =

Dimensionality
Momentum =

Energy =

Mass Length Time 2

Density =

Mass Length
3

Laws of Physics
Observations of the Relations between Derived Quantities

Fundamentals of Aerodynamics
(Fluid Dynamics)

Derived Quantities
Used in Aerodynamics Density =

Mass
Length
3

2

Energy =

Dimensionality

Temperature Basic or Derived ?

Density -> mass and volume Pressure -> momentum (mass x velocity) Temperature -> kinetic energy (mass x velocity
2

Conservation Laws
Observations of the Relations between Derived Quantities

For any fluid system: 1) Mass is neither created nor destroyed. Conservation of Mass - Continuity 2) Momentum is neither created nor destroyed. Conservation of Momentum (3 directions) 3) Energy is neither created nor destroyed. Conservation of Energy
mass mass x velocity mass x velocity
2

mass
mass x velocity mass x velocity
2

r

The Static Atmosphere

1976 Standard Day Model

Moving Through the Atmosphere (Dynamics)

Forces on an Aircraft
Measured Forces Have The Same Value
Air Moves Past the Aircraft

Air

Aircraft

Equivalent
Aircraft Moves Through the Air

Aircraft Air