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Aerodynamics

Linear Motion (Moving Air )

Fundamentals of Physics

Basic Quantities

Space - Length

Time

Matter - Mass

Charge - Electro-magnetic

Derived Quantities
Combinations of Basics Length Time

Velocity =

Length Force = Mass Time 2

Dimensionality
Momentum =

Mass Length Time

Energy =

Mass Length Time 2

Density =

Mass Length
3

Laws of Physics
Observations of the Relations between Derived Quantities

Fundamentals of Aerodynamics
(Fluid Dynamics)

Derived Quantities
Used in Aerodynamics Density =

Mass
Length
3

Length Force = Mass Time 2 Momentum = = Mass Length Time


2

Length Velocity = Time Pressure = Force Area

Mass Length Time

Energy =

Mass Length Time 2

Mass Length Torque = Time 2

Mass Flow = Mass Time

Dimensionality

Temperature Basic or Derived ?

Density -> mass and volume Pressure -> momentum (mass x velocity) Temperature -> kinetic energy (mass x velocity
2

Conservation Laws
Observations of the Relations between Derived Quantities

For any fluid system: 1) Mass is neither created nor destroyed. Conservation of Mass - Continuity 2) Momentum is neither created nor destroyed. Conservation of Momentum (3 directions) 3) Energy is neither created nor destroyed. Conservation of Energy
mass mass x velocity mass x velocity
2

mass
mass x velocity mass x velocity
2

Mass Flow Rate


r

Determine Pressure, Temperature and Density

The Static Atmosphere


1976 Standard Day Model

Moving Through the Atmosphere (Dynamics)

Forces on an Aircraft
Measured Forces Have The Same Value
Air Moves Past the Aircraft

Air

Aircraft

Equivalent
Aircraft Moves Through the Air

Aircraft Air

Terminology for this Workshop