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Viscous stress:

t
a
= j
dn
d
Hydrostatic pressure variation:
dj
d.
= jp
Perfect gas:
j =
j
11
For j = constant:
j = j
0
jp.
Force due to hydrostatic pressure:
1 =

j d
Moment due to hydrostatic pressure:
` =

j d (where is the moment arm)


Continuity equation:

C\
j d

\ +

CS
j

\ :d = 0
Vector Momentum equation:

C\

\ j d

\ +

CS

\ j

\ :d =

1
1
+

1
S
Scaler Momentum equations:

C\
\
a
j d

\ +

CS
\
a
j

\ :d = 1
1
+ 1
S

C\
\

j d

\ +

CS
\

j

\ :d = 1
1
+ 1
S
First Law of Thermodynamics:

C\
(n +
\
2
2
+ p.) j d

\ +

CS
(n +
j
j
+
\
2
2
+ p.) j

\ :d =

Q

\
-
Continuity equation:
j
t
+ (j

\ ) = 0
Substantial derivative:
1

\
1t
=

\
t
+ (

\ )

\ =

\
t
+ n

\
r
+

+ u

\
.
1
Vorticity and Circulation:

\ =

\ d: =

:d
Rate of angular deformation in r plane:
=

r
+
n

Rates of linear deformation in r and directions:


=
n
r
and =

Navier-Stokes equation (j = const and j = const):


j
1

\
1t
= j + jp + j
2

\
Del operator:
=

i

r
+

,

+

/

.
Curl operator:


1 =

i

,

/

:
1
a
1

1
:

Laplace operator:

2
= =

2
r
2
+

2

2
+

2
.
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Euler-: equation:
j
:
=
j\
2
1
jp
.
:
Bernoulli equation:
j
j
+
\
2
2
+ p. = constant along a streamline
Units of some parameters:
[j] =
`
11
[o] =
`
1
2
Note: If cylindrical coordinates are needed, the corresponding expressions will be pro-
vided.
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