Foreign Policy Digital

War and Reconstruction: Ron Chernow’s marvelous new biography of U.S. Grant

By Col. Bob Killebrew, U.S. Army (Ret.)
Best Defense office of Civil War affairs

In the years following the Civil War, the American south descended into chaos.  Returning southern soldiers, facing newly enfranchised former slaves and their northern allies, began a reign of murder, intimidation and brutality against newly enfranchised African Americans and white Republicans that threatened, as one federal official said, “a second civil war.” Thousands of blacks were murdered. Many more thousands who dared to raise their voices were beaten, threatened and driven from their homes. Often, their only hope was the United States army’s garrisons in the south, placed there for their protection and for enforcing federal laws by the

You're reading a preview, sign up to read more.

More from Foreign Policy Digital

Foreign Policy Digital4 min readPolitics
Document of the Week: Trump Administration Shrinks Iran’s U.S. Footprint
With the State Department imposing new travel restrictions on Iranian diplomats, New York City influencers trek across town to see Tehran’s foreign minister.
Foreign Policy Digital4 min readPolitics
Europe’s Future Will Be Decided in North Africa
The United States should stop treating the region as secondary to the rest of the Middle East.
Foreign Policy Digital4 min read
Alarmed by Venezuela, U.S. Military Seeks to Sell Arms to Colombia
The Air Force wants a key regional ally to get new F-16 fighter jets to deter threats from Caracas.